Chinese Culture introduction
Many people, especially Chinese, consider tea to be the essence of Chinese culture. In addition to its rich cultural implications, Chinese tea culture, given the great benefits of tea on people’s health, has won the favor of countless people, both in China and around the world.
Archeological discoveries and historical records indicate that China was the first country to grow, produce and drink tea. For millennia, tea has been an indispensable item in the daily lives of Chinese. Many people who enjoy drinking tea live to a ripe, old age. For example, Wu Tu’nan, who was one of the country’s” top Taichi boxers,” was fond of tea, and he lived to be 105. Cong Shen, an eminent monk during the Tang Dynasty(618-907),and who lived to be 120,believed one only needed weak tea and simple food to prolong his/her life, as long as he/she remained calm when he/she faced life’s ups and downs.
According to TCM(traditional Chinese medicine)theory, tea has many benefits, such as easing one’s mind, brightening the eyes, cooling the liver and gallbladder, removing heat and phlegm, and improving the functions of the lungs and stomach. It has been proven that excessive oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the body may accelerate the aging process. Some substances in tea,such as high phenolic compounds, caffeine and vitamins C and E, can remove free radicals. So, for the sake of your health, why not drink some tea every day?
- 2. Chinese traditional clothes culture
Dong people’s clothes.
The Dong people in Southwest China’s Guizhou Province are known for their lively minds and quick hands. Their traditional clothes, which are made with black, handwoven cloth, reflect the ethnic group’s distinct features. In particular, Dong women’s traditional clothes are gorgeous and elegant. Given the complicated patterns embroidered on the dresses, it takes a Dong women three years, on everage, to make such a traditional outfit. By feasting their eyes on Dong women’s traditional clothes, people can gain a firsthand look into Dong people’s diverse culture.
- 3. The Chinese Shadow play
Shadow play, also known as shadow puppetry, is one of the world’s oldest forms of folk plays. While they tell stories, puppeteers manipulate the figures, which are made from leather, behind a translucent screen. Huaxian, a county in Weinan, a city in Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province, has long been known for top-quality shadow plays. The art form was added to China’s list of intangible cultureal heritage in 2006.
China is the hometown of porcelains. It’s an important creation of the working people of Han nationality. Porcelain developed from Pottery. The earliest porcelain appeared in Shang and Zhou dynasty about 3000 years ago. The true meaning of the Chinese porcelains produced in the Eastern Han Dynasty.
In the Middle Ages, accompanied by Chinese porcelains export, Chinese began to known in the world as “Country of Porcelain”. By the Song Dynasty some seven centries later, the porcelain industry was flourishing. Ming and Qing Dynasty was the heyday of porcelain production has reached the peak. Jingdezhen as the “Porcelain Capital” status has been established.
Chinese martial arts, also referred to as kung fu or wushu, are several fighting styles that help one achieve harmony of body, mind and soul. These martial arts, which have developed over centries in China, have long been considered the cream of traditional Chinese culture. As kung-fu movies have been popular with people the world over for several decades, it is no wonder Chinese martial arts have become all the rage throughout the world.
- 6. Chinese jade artifacts
Jade is widely welcomed by the people in the world(especially East Asia). Usually the materials referred as the jade are mainly jadeite(also known as jade, the main components: NaAISi2O6 )and nephrite(the main ingredients are Ca2(Mg, Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2). In a wide sense of the word, jade includes not only the jadeite and nephrite jade, but also include serpentine, lapis lazuli, coral, agate, marble and other gems.
Because of the valuable and easy processing features, the jade became a noble common worship in China. With the influences of Confucius and Confucian founded by him in 4th century BC, jade has become a very important and precious stones and precious metals. Today, jade is still regarded as a gem that has cultural characteristics in East Asia region.
- 7. Chinese Food- Dumplings
Jiaozi, or dumplings with meat and vegetable fillings, is very popular at the New Year and at other festivals. It tops the list of delicacies of people in North China, where people eat jiaozi at midnight on New Year’s Eve and for breakfast on New Year’s Day.
The history of jiaozi dates back to ancient times. But the custom of making jiaozi a special dish during the Spring Festival, or the Chinese lunar New Year, started in the Ming Dynasty, some 500 to 600 years ago. The reason is simple. The appearance of jiaozi looks like the V-shape(some say half-moon shaped)gold or silver ingot used as money in ancient China. As the Spring Festival marks the start of a new year, people choose to eat jiaozi to connote their wishes for good fortune in the new year.
Chinese calligraphy (Brush calligraphy) is an art unique to Asian cultures. Shu (calligraphy), Hua (painting), Qin (a string musical instrument), and Qi (a strategic boardgame) are the four basic skills and disciplines of the Chinese literati.
By controlling the concentration of ink, the thickness and adsorptivity of the paper, and the flexibility of the brush, the artist is free to produce an infinite variety of styles and forms. In contrast to western calligraphy, diffusing ink blots and dry brush strokes are viewed as a natural impromptu expression rather than a fault. While western calligraphy often pursue font-like uniformity, homogeneity of characters in one size is only a craft. To the artist, calligraphy is a mental exercise that coordinates the mind and the body to choose the best styling in expressing the content of the passage. It is a most relaxing yet highly disciplined exercise indeed for one's physical and spiritual well being. Historically, many calligraphy artists were well-known for their longevity.